Role of Tranexamic Acid In Reducing Blood Loss After Cesarean Section
Sumaira Akbar, Nasreen Fatima
To evaluate the effectiveness of tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss following cesarean section.
Descriptive cross-sectional study.
Place & Duration of study
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC) Karachi, from June 2019 to December 2019.
Women irrespective of age and parity with singleton pregnancy, cephalic presentation, who underwent lower segment cesarean section, were selected. Women who had major medical illness like renal failure, liver failure, and severe pre-eclampsia, required blood transfusion due to anemia, multiple pregnancy, coagulation disorders and polyhydramnios were excluded. One-gm (10ml) tranexamic acid (TXA) injection diluted in 20 ml of 5% dextrose was given intravenously 20 minutes before proceeding to skin incision. Patients observed from surgery till 24 hours postoperatively and blood loss calculated.
A total of 130 women between 18 year - 30year were include. The mean age of study subjects was 24.75±2.41year. Of the total 79 (59.85%) women belonged to 18 year - 25year age group. The mean gestational age was 38.84±1.23 weeks. In 51(40.15%) patients tranexamic acid was found effective in reducing blood loss following cesarean section.
In large number of patients effectiveness of tranexamic acid was noted in lowering blood loss following cesarean section.
Cesarean section, Tranexamic acid, Efficacy, Postpartum hemorrhage.