Tear film Status In Patients of Diabetes Mellitus Type II

Zeeshan Kamil, Qirat Qurban, Khalid Mahmood

  • Zeeshan Kamil Khalid Eye Clinic Nazimabad, Karachi



To relate the level of tear film (aqueous layer) in male patients with the duration of diabetes mellitus type II.

Study design

Observational study.

Place & Duration of study

Khalid Eye Clinic Karachi, from July 2019 to December 2019.


Male patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type II  for the last five to twenty years were included. Patients were divided into two groups depending upon the duration of diabetes mellitus. Group A included fifty patients with a duration of diabetes from five to ten years, whereas, Group B included patients with a duration from fifteen to twenty years. Tear film component (aqueous layer) was measured with a Schirmer strip test. Independent sample t test was used to find the significance. A p<0.5 was considered as significant.


A total of 100 patients were included. The age was between 50 to 60 years. The results of Schirmer test in group A was 8.5±1mm, where as 8±1mm in group B. The results were not found statistically significant.


Tear film level reduces with the duration of diabetes mellitus but it was not statistically significant.

Key words

Diabetes mellitus, Schirmer test, Dry eye.