Gender Predilection and Mortality In Abdominal Tuberculosis Patients Presenting With Peritonitis

Sajila Bano, Afshan Qasim, Syed Ali Haider, Saeed Ahmed, Akram Rajput, Muhammad Abid Owais

  • Syed Ali Haider Department of Surgery, Dow Medical College & Dr. Ruth K. M. Pfau Civil Hospital Karachi



To determine the sex predilection and mortality in patients with tuberculous peritonitis.

Study design

Cross-sectional study.

Place & Duration of study

Departments of Surgery, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital Karachi & Civil Hospital Karachi, from June 2015 to November 2019.


Patients of both gender and age above 13 years, who were diagnosed as cases of abdominal tuberculosis on the basis of history, presence of acid fast bacilli (AFB) on smear, computed tomography (CT) scan, positive culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and on histopathology were included in the study. The age, gender, family history, contact history, other characteristics, and outcome in terms of mortality were recorded.


Out of 144 patients enrolled there were 81 females and 63 males with mean age of 45.94±9.19 year.  The mean age of the patients among females was 45.80 year and 46.13 year in males. The patients with confirmed diagnosis for tuberculosis after culture and sensitivity and presenting with tuberculous peritonitis were 47 (32.6%). Twelve patients with tuberculous peritonitis expired.


Frequency of tuberculous peritonitis was higher in females as compared to males and the ratio of mortality also showed females preponderance.

Key words

Tuberculosis, Tuberculous peritonitis, Mortality.